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Fluconazole is an FDA-approved medication that belongs to a class of drugs called azole antifungals.
Doctors like gynecologists and general practitioners prescribe fluconazole to treat various fungal infections of the:
Fluconazole is frequently used to treat vaginal candidiasis, commonly known as a vaginal yeast infection.
Vaginal candidiasis is a fungal infection that is caused by a yeast called Candida. Candida lives naturally in your mouth, throat, gut, and vagina, as well as on your skin. It’s normal.
However, sometimes Candida can multiply too quickly in specific environments, causing it to grow out of control.
The result can be a yeast infection that is associated with uncomfortable symptoms like:
Vaginal candidiasis is a common infection that is not sexually transmitted, though sexual intercourse can contribute to a yeast infection by disrupting the vaginal environment.
Women are also more likely to develop a yeast infection if they:
Fluconazole is typically an effective treatment for most vaginal yeast infections. If you are taking fluconazole and your symptoms don’t improve or get worse, consult your doctor.
Fluconazole is not effective against bacterial infections that require treatment with antibiotics such as rifampin or erythromycin.
In addition to vaginal yeast infections, fluconazole treats the following:
Doctors may also prescribe fluconazole to ward off fungal infections in patients who are being treated with chemotherapy or radiation before bone marrow transplants.
Fluconazole is available as a tablet or suspension to be taken orally. You may see fluconazole marketed under a different name such as Diflucan.
There are also other medications available. Ketoconazole, for example, is used to treat various fungal infections.
Talk to your health care professional for medical advice on the best option for you.
Fluconazole is an antifungal medication most commonly used in the treatment of vaginal candidiasis. It comes in oral forms. The length of treatment depends on the severity of your infection.
Fluconazole works by stopping an enzyme responsible for the growth of the fungal cell membrane.
While it is typically effective in fighting Candida species and Cryptococcus species, it is not effective in treating all strains of fungal infections. These infections may require alternate antifungal therapy.
Fluconazole is generally well tolerated but adverse effects have been reported.
Some of the common side effects of fluconazole include, but are not limited to:
Speak to your doctor for medical advice if side effects become bothersome.
Call 911 and seek medical attention immediately if you have difficulty breathing or swelling of the mouth or throat. This may indicate a severe allergic reaction to the medication.
Fluconazole doesn't treat all yeast infections. Your doctor will recommend the right antifungal for your condition. If you're prescribed fluconazole, be mindful of side effects. Tell your doctor if they become difficult to tolerate.
Fluconazole may interact with certain drugs, including antibiotics, blood thinners, sedatives, diuretics, and antiseizure drugs.
There are no known interactions between fluconazole and alcohol. Still, you should be mindful of drinking alcohol in moderation.
Drinking alcohol can change the type and amount of microorganisms in the intestine. It has been reported that people with chronic alcohol use show a large increase in intestinal Candida.
Certain foods and drinks that affect the yeast levels in your body may make Candida infections worse.
Alcohol is linked to a number of illnesses and diseases such as liver damage. It can also weaken the body’s immune defenses.
While alcohol may not interact directly with fluconazole, it can cause your body to heal slower, make you feel worse, or exacerbate drug side effects such as headache, upset stomach, and drowsiness.
If you or someone you know struggles with alcohol use disorder, reach out for medical help. Treatment is available.
Some treatment options are listed below:
Alcohol has been shown to cause yeast overgrowth, worsening candida infections. It is advised to limit alcohol while taking fluconazole.
Here are answers to some of the most commonly asked questions about Fluconazole and alcohol:
There are no known interactions with alcohol and fluconazole, given the drug information available.
However, you should not drink alcohol if you are feeling sick or uncomfortable while fighting off a fungal infection because alcohol can have adverse effects that may make you feel worse.
Alcohol, as with some other foods and beverages, can affect your body’s yeast infection.
Alcohol may make a yeast infection worse because it affects your body’s level of yeast growth. Alcohol may inhibit your body’s efforts to control yeast overgrowth.
Fluconazole may interact with medications such as certain antibiotics, blood thinners, sedatives, diuretics, and antiseizure drugs.
It’s important to talk to your doctor about any other medications you are taking before taking fluconazole.
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